General & Cosmetic Dentist in Washington D.C.
Periodontal or Gum Disease Treatment & Surgery
Periodontal or gum disease is a serious infection of the gums and tissues surrounding the teeth. When left untreated, this condition can lead to tooth and bone loss. Recent research has linked periodontal disease to other serious conditions, such as heart disease.
Periodontist Dr. Jeffrey Singer offers LASER treatments for Periodontal Disease Treatment to achieve improved periodontal health. Laser procedures offer alternative treatments that are less traumatic than conventional flap surgery with scalpel incisions and sutures and conserve healthy tissue. Light energy from the laser is directed through a tiny fiber that removes diseased tissue and aids in reducing bacteria associated with the disease. When the area is thoroughly cleaned, the body can heal normally.
Dr. Singer takes this condition very seriously. In fact, our practice is one of the few in the area to offer a wide variety of periodontics therapies. In addition to deep scaling, root planning, and the latest ultrasonic instruments, Dr. Singer can also use therapeutic medicines, such as Periostat®, Arestin®, Periodex®, OsteoGen®, Capset®, Atridox®, and Periogard®. For periodontal defects, we offer Emdogain®, the only material known to promote periodontal ligament and adjoining bone re-growth. This reliable solution promotes the re-growth of hard and soft tissues lost due to periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease is the major cause of tooth loss in adults – affecting three out of four people over the age of thirty-five (35). More than half of adults over 18 already have periodontal disease in the early stages.
Causes of periodontal disease are:
Plaque continually forms on teeth. As plaque hardens into calculus, it extends from gumline to tooth root. The gums will detach from the tooth and form pockets. Bacterial activity continues in these areas. As this disease worsens, bone supporting the tooth is destroyed – finally tooth loss.
At least 30 different types of bacteria can produce periodontal disease. Bacteria create toxins (poisons) that irritate gums and loosen the attachment of gum tissues to the teeth. Smoking, chewing tobacco, clenching of teeth also may contribute to periodontal disease. Additionally poor diet, some medications, and high levels of stress contribute to periodontal disease.
- Swelling and Redness of the gums
- Bleeding gums when you brush your teeth.
- Loose teeth.
- Change in the way your teeth meet together when you are biting and chewing. Bad Breath.
- Beneath the gum tissue, bone destruction that you cannot see
- Non-surgical: Scaling and root planning; Antibiotics; Bite correction
- Surgical: Advanced periodontal disease requires gum surgery.
Preventing periodontal disease
- Use an excellent electric tooth brush twice a day with special toothpaste.
- Use stimudents
- Use dental floss
- Eat nutritious foods
- See your dentist regularly
If it’s been a while since you’ve been to the dentist and you think you may have periodontal disease, call our practice to schedule a consultation with Dr. Singer. Ask us about Perio Dentures.
Gum Disease: Serious But Treatable
Periodontal Disease is an infection of the teeth, gums, and bone surrounding the teeth. If you neglect to brush, floss, and stimudent regularly, plaque hardens and becomes more difficult to remove. Bacteria creates deeper spaces between teeth and gums leading to more serious complications that result in tooth and bone loss.
Periodontal or gum disease is a major cause of tooth loss.
Warning Signs are:
1- Bleeding gums
2- Red, swollen gums
3- Tender gums
4- Pus between teeth and gums when pressing gums
5- Persistent bad bread
6- Bad taste in mouth
7- Permanent teeth that are loose
8- Change in the way your teeth fit together when biting
9- Changes in fit of partial dentures
Causes of Periodontal Disease
1- Plaque in the mouth
2- Bacteria in the mouth
3- Toxins in the mouth
Even when you brush and clean everyday, you may not completely remove plaque, especially around the gum line. Plaque that is not removed can harden into calculus or tartar. This can only be removed in the dental office. Tartar under the gumline creates conditions that lead to inflammation and infection.
Gum tissue is not attached to each tooth. A v shaped groove called the sulcus between teeth and healthy gums should be no more than three millimeters. If you have periodontal disease, this space develops into a pocket. If the disease is severe, the greater the dept of the pockets.
Periodontitis occurs when toxins destry the tissues that anchor teeth into bone. Then the gums detach from teeth and form pockets. Your tooth rots become susceptible to decay and sensitive to cold and touch. Usually tartar will form below the gums; this will inhibit the reattachment of gum tissue to the teeth. This creates a condition that delays healing and causes inflammation.
If much ligament and bone are destroyed, the tooth becomes unstable and it is loose in its socket. Eventually the tooth falls out or requires extraction.
Dental x-rays can be used to evaluate bone supporting the teeth.
If periodontal disease is present, Dr. Jeffrey Singer will recommend some of the following treatments for the problem: a thorough cleaning, scaling, tooth root planning, bite adjustment, gum surgery, bone surgery, grafts, splints, appliances for stabilization.
Factors that increase periodontal disease risk are smoking, chewing tobacco, malocclusion (misaligned teeth), fillings that are defective, clenching, grinding, poor diet, systemic diseases, steroids, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers, oral contraceptives, other medications.
You will not lose teeth if you brush, floss, stimudent, eat a balanced diet, and schedule regular dental visits.
Contact Us today to Schedule your Dental Visit!